RPM package installation
Initially developed for Redhat, the package managing has been extended to other distributions.
If you want to install a new software easily, look for the '.rpm' package.
A RPM package contains a library of files with the description of the location where the files
have to be copied. It also contains a general description of the package. An other interesting characteristic
of RPM is that he checks for dependencies.
The command rpm
- To install foo.rpm, type
rpm -ivh foo.rpm
- To uninstall the package foo, type
rpm -e foo
- To query information about the package foo (already installed),
rpm -qi foo
- To query information about the package file foo.rpm,
rpm -qip foo.rpm
- To query the file listing in the package foo, if already installed, type
rpm -ql foo
- To query the file listing in the package file foo.rpm, type
rpm -qlp foo.rpm
- To update the package foo, type
rpm -U foo.rpm
- To identify the package whose the file foofile is belonging, type
rpm -qf foofile